Is Genetics the Lead Role for Adolescent Crime Victims! Is this part of Human Nature, or Human Nature doesn’t exist?

(ScienceDaily (May 20, 2009)Genes trump environment as the primary reason that some adolescents are more likely than others to be victimized by crime, according to groundbreaking research led by distinguished criminologist Kevin M. Beaver of The Florida State University.The study is believed to be the first to probe the genetic basis of victimization.

“Victimization can appear to be a purely environmental phenomenon, in which people are randomly victimized for reasons that have nothing to do with their genes,” said Beaver, an assistant professor in FSU’s nationally top-10-ranked College of Criminology and Criminal Justice. “However, because we know that genetically influenced traits such as low self control affect delinquent behavior, and delinquents, particularly violent ones, tend to associate with antisocial peers, I had reasons to suspect that genetic factors could influence the odds of someone becoming a victim of crime, and these formed the basis of our study.”

Beaver analyzed a sample of identical and same-sex fraternal twins drawn from a large, nationally representative sample of male and female adolescents interviewed in 1994 and 1995 for the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. “Add Health” interviewers had gathered data on participants that included details on family life, social life, romantic relationships, extracurricular activities, drug and alcohol use, and personal victimization.

The data convinced Beaver that genetic factors explained a surprisingly significant 40 to 45 percent of the variance in adolescent victimization among the twins, while non-shared environments (those environments that are not the same between siblings) explained the remaining variance. But among adolescents who were victimized repeatedly, the effect of genetic factors accounted for a whopping 64 percent of the variance.

“It stands to reason that, if genetics are part of the reason why some young people are victimized in the first place, and genetics don’t change, there’s a good chance these individuals will experience repeat victimization,” Beaver said.

“It is possible that we detected this genetic effect on victimization because it is operating indirectly through behaviors,” Beaver said. “The same genetic factors that promote antisocial behavior may also promote victimization, because adolescents who engage in acts of delinquency tend to have delinquent peers who are more likely to victimize them. In turn, these victims are more likely to be repeatedly victimized, and to victimize others.”

Thus, write Beaver and his colleagues, victims of crime are not always innocent bystanders targeted at random, but instead, sometimes actively participate in the construction of their victimization experiences.

“However, we’re not suggesting that victimization occurs because a gene is saying ‘Okay, go get victimized,’ or solely because of genetic factors,” Beaver said. “All traits and behaviors result from a combination of genes and both shared and non-shared environmental factors.”

And environmental factors can make a difference, he noted. The social and family environment in an adolescent’s life may either exacerbate or blunt genetic effects — a phenomenon known in the field of behavioral genetics as a “gene X environment interaction.”

Co-authors are criminology graduate students Brian Boutwell and J.C. Barnes of Florida State and Jonathon A. Cooper of Arizona State University.

Journal reference:

  1. Beaver et al. The Biosocial Underpinnings to Adolescent Victimization: Results From a Longitudinal Sample of Twins. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2009; DOI: 10.1177/1541204009333830
Adapted from materials provided by Florida State University.

6 Responses to “Is Genetics the Lead Role for Adolescent Crime Victims! Is this part of Human Nature, or Human Nature doesn’t exist?”

  1. JoaoTeixeira Says:

    ainda não li o post, mas vou comentar já qq coisa. 🙂

    no livro que tou a ler, o “A alma está no cérebro” diz que os psicopatas são parte genéticos.

    isso deixou-me um bocado a pensar, por razões obvias. Falam também no que defeitos do córtex pré-frontal podem ser a razão para actos de violência.

    Será mesmo que todo o comportamento deriva de o ambiente social? Será que com um ambiente social adequado não se consegue contornar estas arestas biológicas?

    No entanto, penso neste momento que o comportamento das massas é sim regido pelo ambiente social, apesar de poderem haver estas excepções.


  2. PeterMontee Says:

    Your phrase is matchless… 🙂

  3. Maestro Says:

    E eliminar duas cidades em segundos não é psicopatia? Eliminar uma etnia não é psicopatia…??? Matar com as próprias mãos apenas revela uma falta de pragmatismo impressionante, é muito mais fácil pegar em “comportamentos desviantes” da nossa querida sociedade perfeita sem perceber que o homicídio é a base da nossa vivência… Para a nossa sociedade sobreviver têm que morrer milhares de pessoas à fome diariamente… A nossa capacidade de nos distanciarmos daquilo com que não contactamos diariamente faz de nós, sociedade ocidental, os piores psicopatas da história do planeta…

  4. Spanking Chelly Says:

    nice! i’m gonna make my own journal

  5. JimmyBean Says:

    I don’t know If I said it already but …Cool site, love the info. I do a lot of research online on a daily basis and for the most part, people lack substance but, I just wanted to make a quick comment to say I’m glad I found your blog. Thanks, 🙂

    A definite great read..Jim Bean

  6. eddie munoz Says:

    its all choice, some things are genetic (23 chromosomes from each parent) but still the choice is up to the individual. there is what is called the conscience, even in remote areas where there isn’t man’s civilized laws there are laws among the natives. the problem is when we keep ignoring the conscience we grow hard and calloused, then it takes time for someone to wake up and smell the Folgers, (if they wake up at all) its all choice, what did you chose today, how did you respond to that person that cut you off? if you thought murder! Aha! you had intent, in this country if they could prove intent your gonna do time.

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